The faculty of the department perform 65 to 70 open heart surgical procedure per week from Monday through Saturday. In the year 1998 total number of open-heart surgeries performed was 2000 and closed heart surgeries was 600. The department is the only comprehensive facility in the country for all cardiovascular surgical procedures. These include correction of congenital cardiac malformation in newborn, infants and children, including complete correction for total anomalous Pulmonary venous connection, Transposition of Great Arteries, Tricuspid atresia, Univentricular heart, Truncus arteriosis etc. In addition simple congenital heart problems such as Atrial septal defects, Ventricular septal defects, Patent Ductus ateriosus. Coarctation of Aorta etc. are corrected routinely.
In the area of valvular heart surgery. The department offers prosthetic valve replacement, Mitral and Aortic valve repair, replacement of Aortic Valve with homgraft and Pulmonary autograft and repair of Tricuspid valve. The department has the only homograft valve bank with State-of-the-art cryopreservation techniques, and more than 600 homografts have been used so far.
In the area of Coronary artery bypass surgery, the department offers routine coronary artery bypass procedures with the use of saphenous vein, Interal mammary artery, radial artery etc. in addition selected patients undergo surgery without cardiopulmonary bypass and with minimally invasive techniques. Facility for Transmyocardial laser revascularisation is also available.
In the management of end stage heart disease cardiac transplantation, the first successful Orthotopic cardiac transplantation performed in India in this department in 1994. Subsequently several patients have undergone cardiac transplatation ad implantation of Ventricular Assist Devices, such as Thoratec and the Heart-Mate.
In the area of vascular surgery, aneurysms of the Ascending Aorta. Arch, descending and abdominal, aorta and management of vascular injuries are performed routinely.
Newer techniques such as Transesophageal echocardiography, cosmetic surgery, blood conservation are in routine use.