The Department of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) was created in February 1992 and formally inaugurated in March 1993 by Prof. Richard R. Ernst, Nobel Laureate. The Department has two 3.0 Tesla and one 1.5 Tesla whole body MRI scanner which are used for patient care and research. A joint meeting of the expert and management committees set the guidelines for 60% usage of machine time for clinical work, and 40% for developmental MRI/MRS research work.
In addition, the Department has a 7.0 Tesla animal MR scanner for imaging and spectroscopy of small animals (rodents, mice, etc) and a vertical bore 16.4 Tesla FT NMR spectrometer with micro-imaging.
The Department was created through the initial capital investment from the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Department of Biotechnology (DBT), and the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India, in the early part of the 8th plan period. The first phase (Phase-I) of the creation of the Department of NMR was accomplished with the procurements and installation of (i) a Bruker ‘BIOSPEC’ 47/40 animal research MRI/MRS scanner (functional from March, 1993), and (ii) a Siemens ‘MAGNETOM’ 63/84-SP whole body clinical MRI/MRS scanner (functional form October, 1993). Under phase-II, a vertical bore 9.4 T FT NMR spectrometer was installed in April 1996 for multidisciplinary ‘molecular level’ NMR investigation of cells, tissues, etc. Under phase-III, the department procured and installed the second MR scanner (1.5 T Siemens MRI/MRS scanner, Sonata) and recently upgraded the old MAGNETOM MR scanner to a new 1.5 T Siemens MRI/MRS scanner (Avanto). Recently, the two MRI 1.5 Tesla systems have been upgraded to 3.0 Tesla MRI systems.